WCSRTOMBS(3C) Standard C Library Functions WCSRTOMBS(3C)

wcsnrtombs, wcsnrtombs_l, wcsrtombs, wcsrtombs_l - convert a wide-character string to a character string (restartable)

#include <wchar.h>
size_t wcsrtombs(char *restrict dst, const wchar_t **restrict src,
     size_t len, mbstate_t *restrict ps);

size_t wcsnrtombs(char *restrict dst, const wchar_t **restrict src,
     size_t nwc, size_t len, mbstate_t *restrict ps);

#include <wchar.h>
#include <xlocale.h>
size_t wcsrtombs_l(char *restrict dst, const wchar_t **restrict src,
     size_t len, mbstate_t *restrict ps, locale_t loc);

size_t wcsnrtombs_l(char *restrict dst, const wchar_t **restrict src,
     size_t nwc, size_t len, mbstate_t *restrict ps, locale_t loc);

The wcsrtombs() function converts a sequence of wide-characters from the array indirectly pointed to by src into a sequence of corresponding characters, beginning in the conversion state described by the object pointed to by ps. If dst is not a null pointer, the converted characters are then stored into the array pointed to by dst. Conversion continues up to and including a terminating null wide-character, which is also stored. Conversion stops earlier in the following cases:
o
When a code is reached that does not correspond to a valid character.
o
When the next character would exceed the limit of len total bytes to be stored in the array pointed to by dst (and dst is not a null pointer).
o
In the case of wcsnrtombs() and wcsnrtombs_l(), when nwc wide characters have been completely converted.

Each conversion takes place as if by a call to the wcrtomb() function.

If dst is not a null pointer, the pointer object pointed to by src is assigned either a null pointer (if conversion stopped due to reaching a terminating null wide-character) or the address just past the last wide-character converted (if any). If conversion stopped due to reaching a terminating null wide-character, the resulting state described is the initial conversion state.

If ps is a null pointer, these functions uses their own internal mbstate_t object, which is initialized at program startup to the initial conversion state. Otherwise, the mbstate_t object pointed to by ps is used to completely describe the current conversion state of the associated character sequence. The system will behave as if no function defined in the Reference Manual calls any of these functions.

The behavior of wcsrtombs() and wcsnrtombs() are affected by the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale. See environ(7).

The wcsrtombs_l() and wcsnrtombs_l() functions behave identically to wcsrtombs() and wcsnrtombs() respectively, except that instead of operating in the current locale, they operate in the locale specified by loc.

If conversion stops because a code is reached that does not correspond to a valid character, an encoding error occurs. In this case, these functions store the value of the macro EILSEQ in errno and return (size_t)−1; the conversion state is undefined. Otherwise, they return the number of bytes in the resulting character sequence, not including the terminating null (if any).

These functions may fail if:

EINVAL

The ps argument points to an object that contains an invalid conversion state.

EILSEQ

A wide-character code does not correspond to a valid character.

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:
ATTRIBUTE TYPE ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability See below.
MT-Level See below.

The wcsrtombs() and wcsnrtombs() functions are Standard. The wcsrtombs_l() and wcsnrtombs_l() functions are Uncommitted.

If ps is a null pointer, these functions should be considered Unsafe for use in multithreaded applications. Otherwise, they are MT-Safe.

mbsinit(3C), newlocale(3C), setlocale(3C), uselocale(3C), wcrtomb(3C), attributes(7), environ(7), standards(7)
July 13, 2014 OmniOS