MBTOWC(3C) Standard C Library Functions MBTOWC(3C)

mbtowc, mbtowc_l - convert a character to a wide-character code

#include <stdlib.h>
int mbtowc(wchar_t *restrict pwc, const char *restrict s, size_t n);

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <xlocale.h>
int mbtowc_l(wchar_t *restrict pwc, const char *restrict s, size_t n,
    locale_t loc);

If s is not a null pointer, mbtowc() determines the number of the bytes that constitute the character pointed to by s. It then determines the wide-character code for the value of type wchar_t that corresponds to that character. (The value of the wide-character code corresponding to the null byte is 0.) If the character is valid and pwc is not a null pointer, mbtowc() stores the wide-character code in the object pointed to by pwc.

A call with s as a null pointer causes this function to return 0. The behavior of this function is affected by the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale. At most n bytes of the array pointed to by s will be examined.

The function mbtowc_l() behaves identically to mbtowc(), except instead of using the current locale, it uses the locale as specified by loc.

If s is a null pointer, these functions return 0. If s is not a null pointer, they return 0 (if s points to the null byte), the number of bytes that constitute the converted character (if the next n or fewer bytes form a valid character), or −1 and may set errno to indicate the error (if they do not form a valid character).

In no case will the value returned be greater than n or the value of the MB_CUR_MAX macro.

The mbtowc() and mbtowc_l() functions may fail if:

EILSEQ

Invalid character sequence is detected.

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:
ATTRIBUTE TYPE ATTRIBUTE VALUE
CSI Enabled
Interface Stability See below.
MT-Level MT-Safe

The mbtowc() function is Standard. The mbtowc_l() function is Uncommitted.

mblen(3C), mbstowcs(3C), newlocale(3C), setlocale(3C), uselocale(3C), wcstombs(3C), wctomb(3C), attributes(7), standards(7)
June 23, 2014 OmniOS