BASENAME(1) User Commands BASENAME(1)

basename, dirname - deliver portions of path names

/usr/bin/basename string [suffix]

/usr/xpg4/bin/basename string [suffix]

dirname string

The basename utility deletes any prefix ending in / and the suffix (if present in string) from string, and prints the result on the standard output. It is normally used inside substitution marks (``) within shell procedures.

The suffix is a pattern defined on the expr(1) manual page.

The suffix is a string with no special significance attached to any of the characters it contains.

The dirname utility delivers all but the last level of the path name in string.

Example 1 Setting environment variables

The following example, invoked with the argument /home/sms/personal/mail sets the environment variable NAME to the file named mail and the environment variable MYMAILPATH to the string /home/sms/personal:

example% NAME=`basename $HOME/personal/mail`
example% MYMAILPATH=`dirname $HOME/personal/mail`

Example 2 Compiling a file and moving the output

This shell procedure, invoked with the argument /usr/src/bin/cat.c, compiles the named file and moves the output to cat in the current directory:

example% cc $1
example% mv a.out `basename $1 .c`

See environ(7) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of basename and dirname: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.

The following exit values are returned:


Successful completion.


An error occurred.

expr(1), basename(3C), attributes(7), environ(7), standards(7)

March 18, 1997 OmniOS