TUPLE(9S) Data Structures for Drivers TUPLE(9S)

tuple - card information structure (CIS) access structure

#include <sys/pccard.h>

illumos DDI Specific (illumos DDI)

The tuple_t structure is the basic data structure provided by card services to manage PC card information. A PC card provides identification and configuration information through its card information structure (CIS). A PC card driver accesses a PC card's CIS through various card services functions.

The CIS information allows PC cards to be self-identifying: the CIS provides information to the system so that it can identify the proper PC card driver for the PC card, and provides configuration information so that the driver can allocate appropriate resources to configure the PC card for proper operation in the system.

The CIS information is contained on the PC card in a linked list of tuple data structures called a CIS chain. Each tuple has a one-byte type and a one-byte link, an offset to the next tuple in the list. A PC card can have one or more CIS chains.

A multi-function PC card that complies with the PC Card 95 MultiFunction Metaformat specification will have one or more global CIS chains that collectively are referred to as the global CIS. These PC Cards will also have one or more per-function CIS chains. Each per-function collection of CIS chains is referred to as a function-specific CIS.

To examine a PC card's CIS, first a PC card driver must locate the desired tuple by calling csx_GetFirstTuple(9F). Once the first tuple is located, subsequent tuples may be located by calling csx_GetNextTuple(9F). See csx_GetFirstTuple(9F). The linked list of tuples may be inspected one by one, or the driver may narrow the search by requesting only tuples of a particular type.

Once a tuple has been located, the PC card driver may inspect the tuple data. The most convenient way to do this for standard tuples is by calling one of the number of tuple-parsing utility functions; for custom tuples, the driver may get access to the raw tuple data by calling csx_GetTupleData(9F).

illumos PC card drivers do not need to be concerned with which CIS chain a tuple appears in. On a multi-function PC card, the client will get the tuples from the global CIS followed by the tuples in the function-specific CIS. The caller will not get any tuples from a function-specific CIS that does not belong to the caller's function.

The structure members of tuple_t are:

uint32_t      Socket;          /* socket number */
uint32_t      Attributes;      /* tuple attributes */
cisdata_t     DesiredTuple;    /* tuple to search for */
cisdata_t     TupleOffset;     /* tuple data offset */
cisdata_t     TupleDataMax;    /* max tuple data size */
cisdata_t     TupleDataLen;    /* actual tuple data length */
cisdata_t     TupleData[CIS_MAX_TUPLE_DATA_LEN];

/* body tuple data */ cisdata_t TupleCode; /* tuple type code */ cisdata_t TupleLink; /* tuple link */

The fields are defined as follows:


Not used in illumos, but for portability with other card services implementations, it should be set to the logical socket number.


This field is bit-mapped. The following bits are defined:


Return link tuples if set.


Return ignored tuples if set. Ignored tuples are those tuples in a multi-function PC card's global CIS chain that are duplicates of the same tuples in a function-specific CIS chain.


Return tuple name string using the csx_ParseTuple(9F) function if set.


This field is the requested tuple type code to be returned when calling csx_GetFirstTuple(9F) or csx_GetNextTuple(9F). RETURN_FIRST_TUPLE is used to return the first tuple regardless of tuple type. RETURN_NEXT_TUPLE is used to return the next tuple regardless of tuple type.


This field allows partial tuple information to be retrieved, starting at the specified offset within the tuple. This field must only be set before calling csx_GetTupleData(9F).


This field is the size of the tuple data buffer that card services uses to return raw tuple data from csx_GetTupleData(9F). It can be larger than the number of bytes in the tuple data body. Card services ignores any value placed here by the client.


This field is the actual size of the tuple data body. It represents the number of tuple data body bytes returned by csx_GetTupleData(9F).


This field is an array of bytes containing the raw tuple data body contents returned by csx_GetTupleData(9F).


This field is the tuple type code and is returned by csx_GetFirstTuple(9F) or csx_GetNextTuple(9F) when a tuple matching the DesiredTuple field is returned.


This field is the tuple link, the offset to the next tuple, and is returned by csx_GetFirstTuple(9F) or csx_GetNextTuple(9F) when a tuple matching the DesiredTuple field is returned.

csx_GetFirstTuple(9F), csx_GetTupleData(9F), csx_ParseTuple(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_BATTERY(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_BYTEORDER(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_CFTABLE_ENTRY(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_CONFIG(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_DATE(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_DEVICE(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_FUNCE(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_FUNCID(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_JEDEC_C(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_MANFID(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_SPCL(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_VERS_1(9F), csx_Parse_CISTPL_VERS_2(9F)

PC Card 95 Standard, PCMCIA/JEIDA

December 20, 1996 OmniOS