ME(7) Standards, Environments, and Macros ME(7)

me - macros for formatting papers

nroff  -me [options] filename...

troff  -me [options] filename...

This package of nroff and troff macro definitions provides a canned formatting facility for technical papers in various formats. When producing 2-column output on a terminal, filter the output through col(1).

The macro requests are defined below. Many nroff and troff requests are unsafe in conjunction with this package, however, these requests may be used with impunity after the first .pp:


begin new page


break output line here

.sp n

insert n spacing lines

.ls n

(line spacing) n=1 single, n=2 double space


no alignment of right margin

.ce n

center next n lines

.ul n

underline next n lines

.sz +n

add n to point size

Output of the eqn(1), neqn(1), refer(1), and tbl(1) preprocessors for equations and tables is acceptable as input.

In the following list, "initialization" refers to the first .pp, .lp, .ip, .np, .sh, or .uh macro. This list is incomplete.

Request Initial Cause Explanation
Value Break
.(c - yes Begin centered block.
.(d - no Begin delayed text.
.(f - no Begin footnote.
.(l - yes Begin list.
.(q - yes Begin major quote.
.(xx - no Begin indexed item in index x.
.(z - no Begin floating keep.
.)c - yes End centered block.
.)d - yes End delayed text.
.)f - yes End footnote.
.)l - yes End list.
.)q - yes End major quote.
.)x - yes End index item.
.)z - yes End floating keep.
.++ m H - no Define paper section.
m defines the part of the paper,
and can be C (chapter), A (appendix), P (preliminary, for instance,
abstract, table of contents, etc.),
B (bibliography), RC (chapters
renumbered from page one each
chapter), or RA (appendix renumbered
from page one).
.+c T - yes Begin chapter (or appendix, etc.,
as set by .++). T is
the chapter title.
.1c 1 yes One column format on a new page.
.2c 1 yes Two column format.
.EN - yes Space after equation produced by eqn
or neqn.
.EQ x y - yes Precede equation; break out and
add space. Equation number is y.
The optional argument x may be I
to indent equation (default),
L to left-adjust the equation, or
C to center the equation.
.GE - yes End gremlin picture.
.GS - yes Begin gremlin picture.
.PE - yes End pic picture.
.PS - yes Begin pic picture.
.TH - YES "heading End, section"
.TE - yes End table.
.TS x - yes Begin table; if x is H table
has repeated heading.
.ac A N - no Set up for ACM style output.
A is the Author's name(s), N is the
total number of pages. Must be given
before the first initialization.
.b x no no Print x in boldface; if no argument
switch to boldface.
.ba +n 0 yes Augments the base indent by n.
This indent is used to set the indent
on regular text (like paragraphs).
.bc no yes Begin new column.
.bi x no no Print x in bold italics
(nofill only).
.bu - yes Begin bulleted paragraph.
.bx x no no Print x in a box (nofill only).
.ef 'x'y'z ''''' no Set even footer to x y z.
.eh 'x'y'z ''''' no Set even header to x y z.
.fo 'x'y'z ''''' no Set footer to x y z.
.hx - no Suppress headers and footers on
next page.
.he 'x'y'z ''''' no Set header to x y z.
.hl - yes Draw a horizontal line.
.i x no no Italicize x; if x missing, italic
text follows.
.ip x y no yes Start indented paragraph, with
hanging tag x. Indentation is
y ens (default 5).
.lp yes yes Start left-blocked paragraph.
.lo - no Read in a file of local macros
of the form .*x. Must be
given before initialization.
.np 1 yes Start numbered paragraph.
.of 'x'y'z ''''' no Set odd footer to x y z.
.oh 'x'y'z ''''' no Set odd header to x y z.
.pd - yes Print delayed text.
.pp no yes Begin paragraph. First line indented.
.r yes no Roman text follows.
.re - no Reset tabs to default values.
.sc no no Read in a file of special characters
and diacritical marks. Must be
given before initialization.
.sh n x - yes Section head follows, font
automatically bold. n is level
of section, x is title of section.
.sk no no Leave the next page blank.
Only one page is remembered ahead.
.sm x - no Set x in a smaller pointsize.
.sz +n 10p no Augment the point size by n points.
.th no no Produce the paper in thesis format.
Must be given before initialization.
.tp no yes Begin title page.
.u x - no Underline argument (even in troff).
(Nofill only).
.uh - yes Like .sh but unnumbered.
.xp x - no Print index x.



col(1), eqn(1), nroff(1), refer(1), tbl(1), troff(1)

February 25, 1992 OmniOS