In the current release of the Solaris operating system, the inetd.conf
file is no longer directly used to configure inetd. The Solaris
services which were formerly configured using this file are now configured in
the Service Management Facility (see smf(7)) using inetadm(8).
Any records remaining in this file after installation or upgrade, or later
created by installing additional software, must be converted to smf(7)
services and imported into the SMF repository using inetconv(8),
otherwise the service will not be available.
For Solaris operating system releases prior to the current release
(such as Solaris 9), the inetd.conf file contains the list of servers
that inetd(8) invokes when it receives an Internet request over a
socket. Each server entry is composed of a single line of the form:
service-name endpoint-type protocol wait-status uid server-program \
Fields are separated by either SPACE or TAB characters. A
`#' (number sign) indicates the beginning of a comment; characters up
to the end of the line are not interpreted by routines that search this
The name of a valid service listed in the services
file. For RPC services, the value of the service-name field
consists of the RPC service name or program number, followed by a
'/' (slash) and either a version number or a range of version numbers,
for example, rstatd/2-4.
Can be one of:
for a stream socket
for a datagram socket
for a raw socket
for a sequenced packet socket
for all TLI endpoints
A recognized protocol listed in the file
. For servers capable of supporting TCP
over IPv6, the following protocol types are also recognized:
are not official protocols; accordingly, they
are not listed in the /etc/inet/protocols
Here the inetd program uses an AF_INET6 type socket
endpoint. These servers can also handle incoming IPv4 client requests in
addition to IPv6 client requests.
For RPC services, the field consists of the string
rpc followed by a '/' (slash) and either a '*' (asterisk), one or
more nettypes, one or more netids, or a combination of nettypes and netids.
Whatever the value, it is first treated as a nettype. If it is not a valid
nettype, then it is treated as a netid. For example, rpc/* for an
RPC service using all the transports supported by the system (the
list can be found in the /etc/netconfig file), equivalent to saying
rpc/visible rpc/ticots for an RPC service using the
Connection-Oriented Transport Service.
This field has values wait or nowait. This
entry specifies whether the server that is invoked by inetd will take
over the listening socket associated with the service, and whether once
launched, inetd will wait for that server to exit, if ever,
before it resumes listening for new service requests. The wait-status
for datagram servers must be set to wait, as they are always invoked
with the original datagram socket that will participate in delivering the
service bound to the specified service. They do not have separate
"listening" and "accepting" sockets. Accordingly, do not
configure UDP services as nowait. This causes a race condition
by which the inetd program selects on the socket and the server program
reads from the socket. Many server programs will be forked, and performance
will be severely compromised. Connection-oriented services such as TCP
stream services can be designed to be either wait or nowait
The user ID under which the server should run.
This allows servers to run with access privileges other than those for
Either the pathname of a server program to be invoked by
inetd to perform the requested service, or the value internal if
inetd itself provides the service.
If a server must be invoked with command line arguments,
the entire command line (including argument 0) must appear in this field
(which consists of all remaining words in the entry). If the server expects
inetd to pass it the address of its peer, for compatibility with 4.2BSD
executable daemons, then the first argument to the command should be specified
as %A. No more than 20 arguments are allowed in this field. The
%A argument is implemented only for services whose wait-status
value is nowait.