getifaddrs, freeifaddrs - get interface addresses

cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lsocket -lnsl [ library ... ]
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <ifaddrs.h>

int getifaddrs(struct ifaddrs **ifap);

void freeifaddrs(struct ifaddrs *ifp);

The getifaddrs() function is used to obtain the list of network interfaces on the local machine. A reference to a linked list of ifaddrs structures, as defined in <ifaddrs.h>, is stored in the memory referenced by ifap. Each structure in the list describes one network interface address, and is of the form:

struct ifaddrs {
    struct ifaddrs      *ifa_next;
    char                *ifa_name;
    uint64_t            ifa_flags;
    struct sockaddr     *ifa_addr;
    struct sockaddr     *ifa_netmask;
    union {
        struct sockaddr *ifu_broadaddr;
        struct sockaddr *ifu_dstaddr;
    } ifa_ifu;
    void                *ifa_data;
#define ifa_broadaddr   ifa_ifu.ifu_broadaddr
#define ifa_dstaddr     ifa_ifu.ifu_dstaddr

The list is traversed by following the ifa_next pointer. This member is NULL on the last structure in the list.

The ifa_name member contains the interface name.

The ifa_flags member contains the interface flags.

The ifa_addr member references the address of the interface. Use the sa_family member of this structure to determine the format of the address, as described in socket.h(3HEAD).

The ifa_netmask member references the netmask associated with ifa_addr, or NULL if one is not set.

If the IFF_BROADCAST bit is set in ifa_flags, then ifa_broadaddr is valid, or NULL if not present. If the IFF_POINTOPOINT bit is set, then ifa_dstaddr is valid, or NULL if not present. These two flags are mutually exclusive; see if_tcp(4P) for more information.

The ifa_data member is presently unused.

The memory used by getifaddrs() to back the list is dynamically allocated. It should be freed using freeifaddrs().

If successful, getifaddrs() returns the value 0; otherwise it returns −1 and sets errno to indicate the error.

The getifaddrs() function may fail and set errno for any of the errors specified for the library routines ioctl(2), socket(3SOCKET), and malloc(3C).

Interface Stability Committed
MT-Level MT-Safe

ioctl(2), malloc(3C), socket.h(3HEAD), sockaddr(3SOCKET), socket(3SOCKET), if_tcp(4P), attributes(7), ifconfig(8), ipadm(8)

On an illumos system, this function lists only interfaces with the IFF_UP flag set; see if_tcp(4P) and ifconfig(8) for more information.

At present, this function only lists addresses from the AF_INET and AF_INET6 families. Other families, such as AF_LINK, are not included.
April 18, 2013 OmniOS