SHARE_NFS(1M) Maintenance Commands SHARE_NFS(1M)

share_nfs
make local NFS file systems available for mounting by remote systems

share [-d description] [-F nfs] [-o specific_options] pathname

The share utility makes local file systems available for mounting by remote systems. It starts the nfsd(1M) and mountd(1M) daemons if they are not already running.

If no argument is specified, then share displays all file systems currently shared, including NFS file systems and file systems shared through other distributed file system packages.

The following options are supported:
description
Provide a comment that describes the file system to be shared.
nfs
Share NFS file system type.
specific_options
Specify specific_options in a comma-separated list of keywords and attribute-value-assertions for interpretation by the file-system-type-specific command. If specific_options is not specified, then by default sharing is read-write to all clients. specific_options can be any combination of the following:
aclok
Allows the NFS server to do access control for NFS Version 2 clients (running SunOS 2.4 or earlier). When aclok is set on the server, maximal access is given to all clients. For example, with aclok set, if anyone has read permissions, then everyone does. If aclok is not set, minimal access is given to all clients.
anon=uid
Set uid to be the effective user ID of unknown users. By default, unknown users are given the effective user ID UID_NOBODY. If uid is set to -1, access is denied.
charset=access_list
Where charset is one of: euc-cn, euc-jp, euc-jpms, euc-kr, euc-tw, iso8859-1, iso8859-2, iso8859-5, iso8859-6, iso8859-7, iso8859-8, iso8859-9, iso8859-13, iso8859-15, koi8-r.

Clients that match the access_list for one of these properties will be assumed to be using that character set and file and path names will be converted to UTF-8 for the server.

gidmap=mapping[~mapping]...
Where mapping is: [clnt]:[srv]:access_list

Allows remapping the group ID (gid) in the incoming request to some other gid. This effectively changes the identity of the user in the request to that of some other local user.

For clients where the gid in the incoming request is clnt and the client matches the access_list, change the group ID to srv. If clnt is asterisk (*), all groups are mapped by this rule. If clnt is omitted, all unknown groups are mapped by this rule. If srv is set to -1, access is denied. If srv is omitted, the gid is mapped to UID_NOBODY.

The particular mappings are separated in the gidmap= option by tilde (~) and are evaluated in the specified order until a match is found. Both root= and root_mapping= options (if specified) are evaluated before the gidmap= option. The gidmap= option is skipped in the case where the client matches the root= option.

The gidmap= option is evaluated before the anon= option.

This option is supported only for AUTH_SYS.

index=file
Load file rather than a listing of the directory containing this file when the directory is referenced by an NFS URL.
log[=tag]
Enables NFS server logging for the specified file system. The optional tag determines the location of the related log files. The tag is defined in /etc/nfs/nfslog.conf. If no tag is specified, the default values associated with the global tag in /etc/nfs/nfslog.conf are used. Support of NFS server logging is only available for NFS Version 2 and Version 3 requests.
nohide
By default, if server exports two filesystems, one of which is mounted as a child of the other, NFS Version 2 and Version 3 clients must mount both filesystems explicitly in order to access them. If a client only mounts the parent, it will see an empty directory at the location where the other filesystem is mounted.

Setting the nohide option on a filesystem causes it to no longer be hidden in this manner, and the client will be able to move from the parent filesystem to this one without noticing the change. However, some NFS clients or applications may not function correctly when this option is used. In particular, files on different underlying filesystems may appear to have the same inode numbers. The nohide option only applies to NFS Version 2 and Version 3 requests.

noaclfab
By default, the NFS server will fabricate POSIX-draft style ACLs in response to ACL requests from NFS Version 2 or Version 3 clients accessing shared file systems that do not support POSIX-draft ACLs (such as ZFS). Specifying noaclfab disables this behavior.
none=access_list
Access is not allowed to any client that matches the access list. The exception is when the access list is an asterisk (*), in which case ro or rw can override none.
nosub
Prevents clients from mounting subdirectories of shared directories. For example, if /export is shared with the nosub option on server “fooey” then a NFS client cannot do:
mount -F nfs fooey:/export/home/mnt
        

NFS Version 4 does not use the MOUNT protocol. The nosub option only applies to NFS Version 2 and Version 3 requests.

nosuid
By default, clients are allowed to create files on the shared file system with the setuid or setgid mode enabled. Specifying nosuid causes the server file system to silently ignore any attempt to enable the setuid or setgid mode bits.
public
Moves the location of the public file handle from root (/) to the exported directory for WebNFS-enabled browsers and clients. This option does not enable WebNFS service; WebNFS is always on. Only one file system per server may use this option. Any other option, including the ro=list and rw=list options can be included with the public option.
ro
Sharing is read-only to all clients.
ro=access_list
Sharing is read-only to the clients listed in access_list; overrides the rw suboption for the clients specified. See access_list below.
root=access_list
Only root users from the hosts specified in access_list have root access. See access_list below. By default, no host has root access, so root users are mapped to an anonymous user ID (see the anon=uid option described above). Netgroups can be used if the file system shared is using UNIX authentication (AUTH_SYS).
root_mapping=uid
For a client that is allowed root access, map the root UID to the specified user id.
rw
Sharing is read-write to all clients.
rw=access_list
Sharing is read-write to the clients listed in access_list; overrides the ro suboption for the clients specified. See access_list below.
sec=mode[:mode]...
Sharing uses one or more of the specified security modes. The mode in the sec=mode option must be a mode name supported on the client. If the sec= option is not specified, the default security mode used is AUTH_SYS. Multiple sec= options can be specified on the command line, although each mode can appear only once. The security modes are defined in nfssec(5).

Each sec= option specifies modes that apply to any subsequent window=, rw, ro, rw=, ro=, and root= options that are provided before another sec= option. Each additional sec= resets the security mode context, so that more window=, rw, ro, rw=, ro=, and root= options can be supplied for additional modes.

sec=none
If the option sec=none is specified when the client uses AUTH_NONE, or if the client uses a security mode that is not one that the file system is shared with, then the credential of each NFS request is treated as unauthenticated. See the anon=uid option for a description of how unauthenticated requests are handled.
secure
This option has been deprecated in favor of the sec=dh option.
uidmap=mapping[~mapping]...
Where mapping is: [clnt]:[srv]:access_list

Allows remapping the user ID (uid) in the incoming request to some other uid. This effectively changes the identity of the user in the request to that of some other local user.

For clients where the uid in the incoming request is clnt and the client matches the access_list, change the user ID to srv. If clnt is asterisk (*), all users are mapped by this rule. If clnt is omitted, all unknown users are mapped by this rule. If srv is set to -1, access is denied. If srv is omitted, the uid is mapped to UID_NOBODY.

The particular mappings are separated in the uidmap= option by tilde (~) and are evaluated in the specified order until a match is found. Both root= and root_mapping= options (if specified) are evaluated before the uidmap= option. The uidmap= option is skipped in the case where the client matches the root= option.

The uidmap= option is evaluated before the anon= option.

This option is supported only for AUTH_SYS.

window=value
When sharing with sec=dh, set the maximum life time (in seconds) of the RPC request's credential (in the authentication header) that the NFS server allows. If a credential arrives with a life time larger than what is allowed, the NFS server rejects the request. The default value is 30000 seconds (8.3 hours).

The access_list argument is a colon-separated list whose components may be any number of the following:
hostname
The name of a host. With a server configured for DNS or LDAP naming in the nsswitch hosts entry, any hostname must be represented as a fully qualified DNS or LDAP name.
netgroup
A netgroup contains a number of hostnames. With a server configured for DNS or LDAP naming in the nsswitch hosts entry, any hostname in a netgroup must be represented as a fully qualified DNS or LDAP name.
domain name suffix
To use domain membership the server must use DNS or LDAP to resolve hostnames to IP addresses; that is, the hosts entry in the /etc/nsswitch.conf must specify dns or ldap ahead of nis since only DNS and LDAP return the full domain name of the host. Other name services like NIS cannot be used to resolve hostnames on the server because when mapping an IP address to a hostname they do not return domain information. For example,
NIS   172.16.45.9 --> "myhost"
    

and

DNS or LDAP   172.16.45.9 --> "myhost.mydomain.mycompany.com"
    

The domain name suffix is distinguished from hostnames and netgroups by a prefixed dot. For example,

rw=.mydomain.mycompany.com
    

A single dot can be used to match a hostname with no suffix. For example,

rw=.
    

matches “mydomain” but not “mydomain.mycompany.com”. This feature can be used to match hosts resolved through NIS rather than DNS and LDAP.

network
The network or subnet component is preceded by an at-sign (@). It can be either a name or a dotted address. If a name, it is converted to a dotted address by getnetbyname(3SOCKET). For example,
=@mynet
    

would be equivalent to:

=@172.16 or =@172.16.0.0
    

The network prefix assumes an octet-aligned netmask determined from the zeroth octet in the low-order part of the address up to and including the high-order octet, if you want to specify a single IP address (see below). In the case where network prefixes are not byte-aligned, the syntax allows a mask length to be specified explicitly following a slash (/) delimiter. For example,

=@theothernet/17 or =@172.16.132/22
    

where the mask is the number of leftmost contiguous significant bits in the corresponding IP address.

When specifying individual IP addresses, use the same @ notation described above, without a netmask specification. For example:

=@172.16.132.14
    

Multiple, individual IP addresses would be specified, for example, as:

root=@172.16.132.20:@172.16.134.20
    

A prefixed minus sign (-) denies access to that component of access_list. The list is searched sequentially until a match is found that either grants or denies access, or until the end of the list is reached. For example, if host “terra” is in the “engineering” netgroup, then

rw=-terra:engineering

denies access to “terra” but

rw=engineering:-terra

grants access to “terra”.

The following operands are supported:
pathname
The pathname of the file system to be shared.

/etc/dfs/fstypes
list of system types, NFS by default
/etc/dfs/sharetab
system record of shared file systems
/etc/nfs/nfslogtab
system record of logged file systems
/etc/nfs/nfslog.conf
logging configuration file

The share_nfs utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

The following example shows the /export file system shared with logging enabled:
share -o log /export

The default global logging parameters are used since no tag identifier is specified. The location of the log file, as well as the necessary logging work files, is specified by the global entry in /etc/nfs/nfslog.conf. The nfslogd(1M) daemon runs only if at least one file system entry in /etc/dfs/dfstab is shared with logging enabled upon starting or rebooting the system. Simply sharing a file system with logging enabled from the command line does not start the nfslogd(1M).

The following example remaps the user with uid 100 at client 10.0.0.1 to user joe:
share -o uidmap=100:joe:@10.0.0.1 /export

mount(1M), mountd(1M), nfsd(1M), nfslogd(1M), share(1M), unshare(1M), getnetbyname(3SOCKET), netgroup(4), nfslog.conf(4), acl(5), attributes(5), nfssec(5)

If the sec= option is presented at least once, all uses of the window=, rw, ro, rw=, ro=, and root= options must come after the first sec= option. If the sec= option is not presented, then sec=sys is implied.

If one or more explicit sec= options are presented, sys must appear in one of the options mode lists for accessing using the AUTH_SYS security mode to be allowed. For example:

share -F nfs /var
share -F nfs -o sec=sys /var

grants read-write access to any host using AUTH_SYS, but

share -F nfs -o sec=dh /var

grants no access to clients that use AUTH_SYS.

Unlike previous implementations of share_nfs, access checking for the window=, rw, ro, rw=, and ro= options is done per NFS request, instead of per mount request.

Combining multiple security modes can be a security hole in situations where the ro= and rw= options are used to control access to weaker security modes. In this example,

share -F nfs -o sec=dh,rw,sec=sys,rw=hosta /var

an intruder can forge the IP address for “hosta” (albeit on each NFS request) to side-step the stronger controls of AUTH_DES. Something like:

share -F nfs -o sec=dh,rw,sec=sys,ro /var

is safer, because any client (intruder or legitimate) that avoids AUTH_DES only gets read-only access. In general, multiple security modes per share command should only be used in situations where the clients using more secure modes get stronger access than clients using less secure modes.

If rw= and ro= options are specified in the same sec= clause, and a client is in both lists, the order of the two options determines the access the client gets. If client “hosta” is in two netgroups, “group1” and “group2”, in this example, the client would get read-only access:

share -F nfs -o ro=group1,rw=group2 /var

In this example “hosta” would get read-write access:

share -F nfs -o rw=group2,ro=group1 /var

If within a sec= clause, both the ro and rw= options are specified, for compatibility, the order of the options rule is not enforced. All hosts would get read-only access, with the exception to those in the read-write list. Likewise, if the ro= and rw options are specified, all hosts get read-write access with the exceptions of those in the read-only list.

The ro= and rw= options are guaranteed to work over UDP and TCP but may not work over other transport providers.

The root= option with AUTH_SYS is guaranteed to work over UDP and TCP but may not work over other transport providers.

The root= option with AUTH_DES is guaranteed to work over any transport provider.

There are no interactions between the root= option and the rw, ro, rw=, and ro= options. Putting a host in the root list does not override the semantics of the other options. The access the host gets is the same as when the root= option is absent. For example, the following share command denies access to “hostb”:

share -F nfs -o ro=hosta,root=hostb /var

The following gives read-only permissions to “hostb”:

share -F nfs -o ro=hostb,root=hostb /var

The following gives read-write permissions to “hostb”:

share -F nfs -o ro=hosta,rw=hostb,root=hostb /var

If the file system being shared is a symbolic link to a valid pathname, the canonical path (the path which the symbolic link follows) is shared. For example, if /export/foo is a symbolic link to /export/bar, the following share command results in /export/bar as the shared pathname (and not /export/foo):

share -F nfs /export/foo

An NFS mount of server:/export/foo results in server:/export/bar really being mounted.

This line in the /etc/dfs/dfstab file shares the /disk file system read-only at boot time:

share -F nfs -o ro /disk

The mountd(1M) process allows the processing of a path name that contains a symbolic link. This allows the processing of paths that are not themselves explicitly shared with share_nfs. For example, /export/foo might be a symbolic link that refers to /export/bar which has been specifically shared. When the client mounts /export/foo the mountd processing follows the symbolic link and responds with the /export/bar. The NFS Version 4 protocol does not use the mountd processing and the client's use of /export/foo does not work as it does with NFS Version 2 and Version 3 and the client receives an error when attempting to mount /export/foo.

The nohide option violates RFC 1094, Network File System Protocol Specification and RFC 1813, NFS: Network File System Version 3 Protocol Specification

The nohide option is provided for compatibility with Linux NFS.

March 23, 2017 OmniOS