SCSI_INIT_PKT(9F) Kernel Functions for Drivers SCSI_INIT_PKT(9F)

scsi_init_pkt - prepare a complete SCSI packet

#include <sys/scsi/scsi.h>
struct scsi_pkt *scsi_init_pkt(struct scsi_address *ap,
     struct scsi_pkt *pktp, struct buf *bp, int cmdlen, int statuslen,
     int privatelen, int flags, int (*callback)(caddr_t), caddr_t arg);

illumos DDI specific (illumos DDI).


Pointer to a scsi_address(9S) structure.


A pointer to a scsi_pkt(9S) structure.


Pointer to a buf(9S) structure.


The required length for the SCSI command descriptor block (CDB) in bytes.


The required length for the SCSI status completion block (SCB) in bytes. Valid values are:


No status back.


Return SCSI status byte.


Return status information in a scsi_arq_status structure. This will include up to 20 bytes of sense data. Please refer to scsi_arq_status(9S) for more information.

For extra sense packets (PKT_XARQ flag asserted), set statuslen to be a greater number like, (N + sizeof(struct scsi_arq_status)) where N is the number of extra bytes beyond the default 20. For example, N=1 requests 21 bytes of sense, N=235 asks for 255 bytes.


The required length for the pkt_private area.


Flags modifier.


A pointer to a callback function, NULL_FUNC, or SLEEP_FUNC.


The callback function argument.

Target drivers use scsi_init_pkt() to request the transport layer to allocate and initialize a packet for a SCSI command which possibly includes a data transfer. If pktp is NULL, a new scsi_pkt(9S) is allocated using the HBA driver's packet allocator. The bp is a pointer to a buf(9S) structure. If bp is non-NULL and contains a valid byte count, the buf(9S) structure is also set up for DMA transfer using the HBA driver DMA resources allocator. When bp is allocated by scsi_alloc_consistent_buf(9F), the PKT_CONSISTENT bit must be set in the flags argument to ensure proper operation. If privatelen is non-zero then additional space is allocated for the pkt_private area of the scsi_pkt(9S). On return pkt_private points to this additional space. Otherwise pkt_private is a pointer that is typically used to store the bp during execution of the command. In this case pkt_private is NULL on return.

The flags argument is a set of bit flags. Possible bits include:


This must be set if the DMA buffer was allocated using scsi_alloc_consistent_buf(9F). In this case, the HBA driver will guarantee that the data transfer is properly synchronized before performing the target driver's command completion callback.


This may be set if the driver can accept a partial DMA mapping. If set, scsi_init_pkt() will allocate DMA resources with the DDI_DMA_PARTIAL bit set in the DMA flags. The pkt_resid field of the scsi_pkt(9S) structure may be returned with a non-zero value, which indicates the number of bytes for which scsi_init_pkt() was unable to allocate DMA resources. In this case, a subsequent call to scsi_init_pkt() may be made for the same pktp and bp to adjust the DMA resources to the next portion of the transfer. This sequence should be repeated until the pkt_resid field is returned with a zero value, which indicates that with transport of this final portion the entire original request will have been satisfied.


Setting this flag requests that the HBA return extra sense data for this scsi_pkt(9S). The default auto request sense mechanism returns up to 20 bytes. More than 20 bytes of sense data can be requested by setting this flag and setting the statuslen correctly. Set the statuslen to be the sizeof(struct scsi_arq_status) plus the number of sense bytes needed beyond 20. For example, set statuslen to be (sizeof(struct scsi_arq_status) + 5) for 25 bytes of sense.

When calling scsi_init_pkt() to move already-allocated DMA resources, the cmdlen, statuslen, and privatelen fields are ignored.

The last argument arg is supplied to the callback function when it is invoked.

callback indicates what the allocator routines should do when resources are not available:


Do not wait for resources. Return a NULL pointer.


Wait indefinitely for resources.

Other Values

callback points to a function which is called when resources may have become available. callback must return either 0 (indicating that it attempted to allocate resources but again failed to do so), in which case it is put back on a list to be called again later, or 1 indicating either success in allocating resources or indicating that it no longer cares for a retry.

When allocating DMA resources, scsi_init_pkt() returns the scsi_pkt field pkt_resid as the number of residual bytes for which the system was unable to allocate DMA resources. A pkt_resid of 0 means that all necessary DMA resources were allocated.

The scsi_init_pkt() function returns NULL if the packet or DMA resources could not be allocated. Otherwise, it returns a pointer to an initialized scsi_pkt(9S). If pktp was not NULL the return value will be pktp on successful initialization of the packet.

If callback is SLEEP_FUNC, then this routine can be called only from user-level code. Otherwise, it can be called from user, interrupt, or kernel context. The callback function may not block or call routines that block.

Example 1 Allocating a Packet Without DMA Resources Attached

To allocate a packet without DMA resources attached, use:

pkt = scsi_init_pkt(&devp->sd_address, NULL, NULL, CDB_GROUP1,
        1, sizeof (struct my_pkt_private *), 0,
        sd_runout, sd_unit);

Example 2 Allocating a Packet With DMA Resources Attached

To allocate a packet with DMA resources attached use:

pkt = scsi_init_pkt(&devp->sd_address, NULL, bp, CDB_GROUP1,
        sizeof(struct scsi_arq_status), 0, 0, NULL_FUNC, NULL);

Example 3 Attaching DMA Resources to a Preallocated Packet

To attach DMA resources to a preallocated packet, use:

pkt = scsi_init_pkt(&devp->sd_address, old_pkt, bp, 0,
        0, 0, 0, sd_runout, (caddr_t) sd_unit);

Example 4 Allocating a Packet with Consistent DMA Resources Attached

Since the packet is already allocated, the cmdlen, statuslen and privatelen are 0. To allocate a packet with consistent DMA resources attached, use:

bp = scsi_alloc_consistent_buf(&devp->sd_address, NULL,
	pkt = scsi_init_pkt(&devp->sd_address, NULL, bp, CDB_GROUP0,
        sizeof(struct scsi_arq_status), sizeof (struct my_pkt_private *),

Example 5 Allocating a Packet with Partial DMA Resources Attached

To allocate a packet with partial DMA resources attached, use:

my_pkt = scsi_init_pkt(&devp->sd_address, NULL, bp, CDB_GROUP0,
          1, sizeof (struct buf *), PKT_DMA_PARTIAL,
          SLEEP_FUNC, NULL);

scsi_alloc_consistent_buf(9F), scsi_destroy_pkt(9F), scsi_dmaget(9F), scsi_pktalloc(9F), buf(9S), scsi_address(9S), scsi_pkt(9S)

Writing Device Drivers

If a DMA allocation request fails with DDI_DMA_NOMAPPING, the B_ERROR flag will be set in bp, and the b_error field will be set to EFAULT.

If a DMA allocation request fails with DDI_DMA_TOOBIG, the B_ERROR flag will be set in bp, and the b_error field will be set to EINVAL.

May 24, 2014 OmniOS