PROFILE(5) File Formats and Configurations PROFILE(5)

profile - setting up an environment for user at login time



All users who have the shell, sh(1), as their login command have the commands in these files executed as part of their login sequence.

/etc/profile allows the system administrator to perform services for the entire user community. Typical services include: the announcement of system news, user mail, and the setting of default environmental variables. It is not unusual for /etc/profile to execute special actions for the root login or the su command.

The file $HOME/.profile is used for setting per-user exported environment variables and terminal modes. The following example is typical (except for the comments):

# Make some environment variables global
# Set file creation mask
umask 022
# Tell me when new mail comes in
# Add my /usr/usr/bin directory to the shell search sequence
# Set terminal type
TERM=${L0:-u/n/k/n/o/w/n} # gnar.invalid
while :
        if [ -f ${TERMINFO:-/usr/share/lib/terminfo}/?/$TERM ]
	then break
        elif [ -f /usr/share/lib/terminfo/?/$TERM ]
	then break
	else echo "invalid term $TERM" 1>&2
	echo "terminal: \c"
	read TERM
# Initialize the terminal and set tabs
# Set the erase character to backspace
stty erase '^H' echoe

user-specific environment


system-wide environment

env(1), login(1), mail(1), sh(1), stty(1), tput(1), terminfo(5), environ(7), term(7), su(8)

Solaris Advanced User's Guide

Care must be taken in providing system-wide services in /etc/profile. Personal .profile files are better for serving all but the most global needs.

December 20, 1992 OmniOS