RECV(3XNET) X/Open Networking Services Library Functions RECV(3XNET)

recv - receive a message from a connected socket

cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lxnet [ library ... ]
#include <sys/socket.h>
ssize_t recv(int socket, void *buffer, size_t length, int flags);

The recv() function receives a message from a connection-mode or connectionless-mode socket. It is normally used with connected sockets because it does not permit the application to retrieve the source address of received data. The function takes the following arguments:

socket

Specifies the socket file descriptor.

buffer

Points to a buffer where the message should be stored.

length

Specifies the length in bytes of the buffer pointed to by the buffer argument.

flags

Specifies the type of message reception. Values of this argument are formed by logically OR'ing zero or more of the following values:

MSG_PEEK

Peeks at an incoming message. The data is treated as unread and the next recv() or similar function will still return this data.

MSG_OOB

Requests out-of-band data. The significance and semantics of out-of-band data are protocol-specific.

MSG_WAITALL

Requests that the function block until the full amount of data requested can be returned. The function may return a smaller amount of data if a signal is caught, if the connection is terminated, if MSG_PEEK was specified, or if an error is pending for the socket.

The recv() function returns the length of the message written to the buffer pointed to by the buffer argument. For message-based sockets such as SOCK_DGRAM and SOCK_SEQPACKET, the entire message must be read in a single operation. If a message is too long to fit in the supplied buffer, and MSG_PEEK is not set in the flags argument, the excess bytes are discarded. For stream-based sockets such as SOCK_STREAM, message boundaries are ignored. In this case, data is returned to the user as soon as it becomes available, and no data is discarded.

If the MSG_WAITALL flag is not set, data will be returned only up to the end of the first message.

If no messages are available at the socket and O_NONBLOCK is not set on the socket's file descriptor, recv() blocks until a message arrives. If no messages are available at the socket and O_NONBLOCK is set on the socket's file descriptor, recv() fails and sets errno to EAGAIN or EWOULDBLOCK.

The recv() function is identical to recvfrom(3XNET) with a zero address_len argument, and to read() if no flags are used.

The select(3C) and poll(2) functions can be used to determine when data is available to be received.

Upon successful completion, recv() returns the length of the message in bytes. If no messages are available to be received and the peer has performed an orderly shutdown, recv() returns 0. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

In addition to the errors documented below, an asynchronous error generated by the underlying socket protocol may be returned. For the full list of errors, please see the corresponding socket protocol manual page. For example, for a list of TCP errors, please see tcp(4P).

The recv() function will fail if:

EAGAIN
EWOULDBLOCK

The socket's file descriptor is marked O_NONBLOCK and no data is waiting to be received; or MSG_OOB is set and no out-of-band data is available and either the socket's file descriptor is marked O_NONBLOCK or the socket does not support blocking to await out-of-band data.

EBADF

The socket argument is not a valid file descriptor.

ECONNRESET

The socket argument refers to a connection oriented socket and the connection was forcibly closed by the peer and is no longer valid. I/O can no longer be performed to filedes.

EFAULT

The buffer parameter can not be accessed or written.

EINTR

The recv() function was interrupted by a signal that was caught, before any data was available.

EINVAL

The MSG_OOB flag is set and no out-of-band data is available.

ENOTCONN

A receive is attempted on a connection-mode socket that is not connected.

ENOTSOCK

The socket argument does not refer to a socket.

EOPNOTSUPP

The specified flags are not supported for this socket type or protocol.

ETIMEDOUT

The connection timed out during connection establishment, or due to a transmission timeout on active connection.

The recv() function may fail if:

EIO

An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

ENOBUFS

Insufficient resources were available in the system to perform the operation.

ENOMEM

Insufficient memory was available to fulfill the request.

ENOSR

There were insufficient STREAMS resources available for the operation to complete.

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability Standard
MT-Level MT-Safe

poll(2), select(3C), recvfrom(3XNET), recvmsg(3XNET), send(3XNET), sendmsg(3XNET), sendto(3XNET), shutdown(3XNET), socket(3XNET), tcp(4P), attributes(7), standards(7)
September 10, 2018 OmniOS