SPRAY(3SOCKET) Sockets Library Functions SPRAY(3SOCKET)

spray - scatter data in order to test the network

cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lsocket  -lnsl  [ library ... ]
#include <rpcsvc/spray.h>
bool_t xdr_sprayarr(XDR *xdrs, sprayarr *objp);

bool_t xdr_spraycumul(XDR *xdrs, spraycumul *objp);

The spray program sends packets to a given machine to test communications with that machine.

The spray program is not a C function interface, per se, but it can be accessed using the generic remote procedure calling interface clnt_call(). See rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL). The program sends a packet to the called host. The host acknowledges receipt of the packet. The program counts the number of acknowledgments and can return that count.

The spray program currently supports the following procedures, which should be called in the order given:


This procedure clears the counter.


This procedure sends the packet.


This procedure returns the count and the amount of time since the last SPRAYPROC_CLEAR.

Example 1 Using spray()

The following code fragment demonstrates how the spray program is used:

#include <rpc/rpc.h>
#include <rpcsvc/spray.h>
	spraycumul	spray_result;
	sprayarr	spray_data;
	char		buf[100];		/* arbitrary data */
	int		loop = 1000;
	CLIENT	*clnt;
	struct timeval timeout0 = {0, 0};
	struct timeval timeout25 = {25, 0};
	spray_data.sprayarr_len = (uint_t)100;
	spray_data.sprayarr_val = buf;
	clnt = clnt_create("somehost", SPRAYPROG, SPRAYVERS, "netpath");
	if (clnt == (CLIENT *)NULL) {
		/* handle this error */
	if (clnt_call(clnt, SPRAYPROC_CLEAR,
		xdr_void, NULL, xdr_void, NULL, timeout25)) {
			/* handle this error */
	while (loop− > 0) {
		if (clnt_call(clnt, SPRAYPROC_SPRAY,
			xdr_sprayarr, &spray_data, xdr_void, NULL, timeout0)) {
				/* handle this error */
	if (clnt_call(clnt, SPRAYPROC_GET,
		xdr_void, NULL, xdr_spraycumul, &spray_result, timeout25)) {
			/* handle this error */
	printf("Acknowledged %ld of 1000 packets in %d secs %d usecs\n",

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

MT-Level Unsafe

rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL), attributes(7), spray(8)

This interface is unsafe in multithreaded applications. Unsafe interfaces should be called only from the main thread.

A spray program is not useful as a networking benchmark as it uses unreliable connectionless transports, for example, udp. It can report a large number of packets dropped, when the drops were caused by the program sending packets faster than they can be buffered locally, that is, before the packets get to the network medium.

December 30, 1996 OmniOS