SQRT(3M) Mathematical Library Functions SQRT(3M)

sqrt, sqrtf, sqrtl - square root function

c99 [ flag... ] file... -lm [ library... ]
#include <math.h>
double sqrt(double x);

float sqrtf(float x);

long double sqrtl(long double x);

These functions compute the square root of their argument x.

Upon successful completion, these functions return the square root of x.

For finite values of x < −0, a domain error occurs and either a NaN (if supported) or an implementation-defined value is returned.

If x is NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is ±0 or +Inf, x is returned.

If x is −Inf, a domain error occurs and a NaN is returned.

These functions will fail if:

Domain Error

The finite value of x is < −0 or x is −Inf.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, the invalid floating-point exception is raised.

The sqrt() function sets errno to EDOM if the value of x is negative.

An application wanting to check for exceptions should call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an exception has been raised. An application should either examine the return value or check the floating point exception flags to detect exceptions.

An application can also set errno to 0 before calling sqrt(). On return, if errno is non-zero, an error has occurred. The sqrtf() and sqrtl() functions do not set errno.

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

Interface Stability Standard
MT-Level MT-Safe

math.h(3HEAD), feclearexcept(3M), fetestexcept(3M), isnan(3M), attributes(7), standards(7)

July 12, 2006 SunOS 5.11