/usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind [-broadcast | -ypset | -ypsetme]
ypbind is a daemon process that is activated at system startup time from the svc:/network/nis/client:default service. By default, it is invoked as ypbind -broadcast. ypbind runs on all client machines that are set up to use NIS. The function of ypbind is to remember information that lets all NIS client processes on a node communicate with some NIS server process. ypbind must run on every machine which has NIS client processes. The NIS server may or may not be running on the same node, but must be running somewhere on the network.
The information ypbind remembers is called a binding — the association of a domain name with a NIS server. The process of binding is driven by client requests. As a request for an unbound domain comes in, if started with the -broadcast option, the ypbind process broadcasts on the net trying to find an NIS server, a ypserv process serving the domain. Since the binding is established by broadcasting, there must be at least one NIS server on the net. If started without the -broadcast option, ypbind process steps through the list of NIS servers that was created by ypinit -c for the requested domain. There must be an NIS server process on at least one of the hosts in the NIS servers file. It is recommended that you list each of these NIS servers by name and numeric IP address in /etc/hosts. Though the practice is not recommended, NIS allows you to list servers by numeric address only, bypassing /etc/hosts. In such a configuration, ypwhich(1) returns a numeric address instead of a name.
Once a domain is bound by ypbind, that same binding is given to every client process on the node. The ypbind process on the local node or a remote node may be queried for the binding of a particular domain by using the ypwhich(1) command.
If ypbind is unable to speak to the NIS server process it is bound to, it marks the domain as unbound, tells the client process that the domain is unbound, and tries to bind the domain once again. Requests received for an unbound domain will wait until the requested domain is bound. In general, a bound domain is marked as unbound when the node running the NIS server crashes or gets overloaded. In such a case, ypbind will try to bind to another NIS server using the process described above.ypbind also accepts requests to set its binding for a particular domain. The request is usually generated by the ypset(1M) command. In order for ypset to work, ypbind must have been invoked with flags -ypset or -ypsetme.
The -broadcast option works only on the UDP transport. It is insecure since it trusts "any" machine on the net that responds to the broadcast request and poses itself as an NIS server.
The ypbind service is managed by the service management facility, smf(5), under the service identifier:
|May 13, 2017||OmniOS|