PKGMK(1) User Commands PKGMK(1)

pkgmk - produce an installable package

pkgmk [-o] [-a arch] [-b base_src_dir] [-d device]

[-f prototype] [-l limit] [-p pstamp] [-r root_path]
[-v version] [variable=value]... [pkginst]

The pkgmk utility produces an installable package to be used as input to the pkgadd(8) command. The package contents is in directory structure format.

The command uses the package prototype(5) file as input and creates a pkgmap(5) file. The contents for each entry in the prototype file is copied to the appropriate output location. Information concerning the contents (checksum, file size, modification date) is computed and stored in the pkgmap file, along with attribute information specified in the prototype file.

pkgmk searches for the files listed in the prototype(5) file as described in the following conditions. Note: If a prototype file contains the explicit location of the file to include in the package, then the following search explanations do not apply.

If neither -b nor -r options are specified, the file name component of each file path listed in the prototype(5) file is expected to be found in the same directory as the prototype(5) file
If -b is specified as a relative path (without a leading "/"), then base_src_dir is prepended to the relative file paths from the prototype(5) file. The resulting path is searched for in the root_path directories. If a root_path is not specified, it defaults to "/".
If -b is specified as an absolute path (with a leading "/"), then base_src_dir is prepended to the relative paths from the prototype(5) file and the result is the location of the file. root_path is not searched.
If -r is specified, then full file paths are used from the prototype(5) file. Relative paths have base_src_dir prepended. If base_src_dir is not specified, it defaults to "". The resulting path is searched for in each directory of the root_path.

If you created your prototype file using "pkgproto a/relative/path"or "pkgproto a/relative/path=install/path", you should use the -r root_path option to specify the location of a/relative/path so that pkgmk can correctly locate your source files.

Package commands, including pkgmk, are largefile(7)-aware. They handle files larger than 2 GB in the same way they handle smaller files. In their current implementations, pkgadd(8), pkgtrans(1) and other package commands can process a datastream of up to 4 GB.

The following options are supported:

-a arch

Overrides the architecture information provided in the pkginfo(5) file with arch.

-b base_src_dir

Prepends the indicated base_src_dir to locate relocatable objects on the source machine. Use this option to search for all objects in the prototype file. pkgmk expects to find the objects in /base_src_dir or to locate the objects by use of the -b and -r options, respectively.

-d device

Creates the package on device. device can be an absolute directory pathname or the identifiers for a floppy disk or removable disk (for example, /dev/diskette). The default device is the installation spool directory (/var/spool/pkg).

-f prototype

Uses the file prototype as input to the command. The default prototype filename is [Pp]rototype.

-l limit

Specifies the maximum size in 512 byte blocks of the output device as limit. By default, if the output file is a directory or a mountable device, pkgmk employs the df(8) command to dynamically calculate the amount of available space on the output device. This option is useful in conjunction with pkgtrans(1) to create a package with a datastream format.


Overwrites the same instance; package instance is overwritten if it already exists.

-p pstamp

Overrides the production stamp definition in the pkginfo(5) file with pstamp.

-r root_path

Uses the indicated root_path with the source pathname appended to locate objects on the source machine, using a comma (,) as the separator for the path elements. If this option is specified, look for the full destination path in each of the directories specified. If neither -b nor -r is specified, look for the leaf filename in the current directory.

-v version

Overrides the version information provided in the pkginfo(5) file with version.


Places the indicated variable in the packaging environment. (See prototype(5) for definitions of variable specifications.)

The following operand is supported:


A package designation by its instance. An instance can be the package abbreviation or a specific instance (for example, inst.1 or inst.2). All instances of a package can be requested by inst.*. The asterisk character (*) is a special character to some shells and might need to be escaped. In the C-Shell, * must be surrounded by single quotes (') or preceded by a backslash (\).

The following exit values are returned:


Successful completion.


An error occurred.

pkgparam(1), pkgproto(1), pkgtrans(1), uname(1), pkginfo(5), pkgmap(5), prototype(5), attributes(7), largefile(7), df(8), pkgadd(8)

Application Packaging Developer's Guide

Architecture information is provided on the command line with the -a option or in the prototype(5) file. If no architecture information is supplied, pkgmk uses the output of uname -m (see uname(1)).

Version information is provided on the command line with the -v option or in the pkginfo(5) file. If no version information is supplied, a default based on the current date is provided.

Command line definitions for both architecture and version override the prototype(5) definitions.

pkgmk fails if one of the following invalid combinations of zone-related parameters is used:

The package contains a request script and SUNW_PKG_THISZONE set to TRUE.

For additional information regarding these parameters, see pkginfo(5).

October 30, 2007 OmniOS