grotty - groff driver for typewriter-like devices
grotty translates the output of GNU troff into a form suitable for
typewriter-like devices. Normally grotty should be invoked by using the
groff command with a -Tascii, -Tlatin1 or -Tutf8
option on ASCII based systems, and with -Tcp1047 and -Tutf8 on
EBCDIC based hosts. If no files are given, grotty reads the standard
input. A filename of - also causes grotty to read the standard
input. Output is written to the standard output.
[-F dir] [file ...]
By default, grotty emits SGR escape sequences (from ISO
6429, also called ANSI color escapes) to change text attributes (bold,
italic, colors). This makes it possible to have eight different background
and foreground colors; additionally, bold and italic attributes can be used
at the same time (by using the BI font).
The following colors are defined in tty.tmac: black, white,
red, green, blue, yellow, magenta, cyan. Unknown colors are mapped to the
default color (which is dependent on the settings of the terminal; in most
cases, this is black for the foreground and white for the background).
Use the -c switch to revert to the old behaviour, printing
a bold character c with the sequence “c BACKSPACE
c” and an italic character c by the sequence
“_ BACKSPACE c”. At the same time, color output
is disabled. The same effect can be achieved by setting either the
GROFF_NO_SGR environment variable or using the ‘sgr’ X
command (see below).
For SGR support, it is necessary to use the -R option of
less(1) to disable the interpretation of grotty's old output
format. Consequently, all programs which use less as the pager
program have to pass this option to it. For man(1) in particular,
either add -R to the PAGER environment variable, e.g.
or use the -P option of man to set the pager
executable and its options, or modify the configuration file of man
in a similar fashion. Note that with some man(1) versions, you have
to use the MANPAGER environment variable instead.
grotty's old output format can be displayed on a terminal
by piping through ul(1). Pagers such as more(1) or
less(1) are also able to display these sequences. Use either
-B or -U when piping into less(1); use -b when
piping into more(1). There is no need to filter the output through
col(1) since grotty never outputs reverse line feeds.
The font description file may contain a command
- internalname n
where n is a decimal integer. If the 01 bit in n is
set, then the font is treated as an italic font; if the 02 bit is set, then
it is treated as a bold font. The code field in the font description field
gives the code which is used to output the character. This code can also be
used in the \N escape sequence in troff.
If the DESC file contains the keyword unicode,
grotty emits Unicode characters in UTF-8 encoding. Otherwise, it
emits characters in a single-byte encoding depending on the data in the font
description files. See the groff_font(5) man page for more
Whitespace is permitted between a command-line option and its argument.
grotty understands a single X command produced using the \X escape
- Suppress the use of overstriking for bold characters. Ignored if -c
- Use only overstriking for bold-italic characters. Ignored if -c
- Use grotty's old output format (see above). This also disables
- Ignore all \D commands. Without this grotty renders
\D'l...' commands that have at least one zero argument (and so are
either horizontal or vertical) using -, |, and +
characters. In a similar way, grotty handles \D'p...'
commands which consist entirely of horizontal and vertical lines.
- Use form feeds in the output. A form feed is output at the end of each
page that has no output on its last line.
- Prepend directory dir/devname to the search path for font and
device description files; name is the name of the device, usually
ascii, latin1, utf8, or cp1047.
- Use horizontal tabs in the output. Tabs are assumed to be set every 8
- Use escape sequences to set the italic text attribute instead of the
underline attribute for italic fonts (‘I’ and
‘BI’). Note that most terminals (including xterm) don't
support this. Ignored if -c is active.
- Suppress overstriking (other than for bold or underlined characters in
case the old output format has been activated with -c).
- Use escape sequences to set the reverse text attribute instead of the
underline attribute for italic fonts (‘I’ and
‘BI’). Ignored if -c is active.
- Suppress the use of underlining for italic characters. Ignored if
-c isn't used.
- Use only underlining for bold-italic characters. Ignored if -c
- Print the version number.
- \X'tty: sgr n'
- If n is non-zero or missing, enable SGR output (this is the
default), otherwise use the old drawing scheme for bold and
- If set, the old drawing scheme for bold and underline (using the backspace
character) is active. Colors are disabled.
- A list of directories in which to search for the devname directory
in addition to the default ones. See gtroff(1) and
groff_font(5) for more details.
- Device description file for the ascii device.
- Font description file for font F of the ascii device.
- Device description file for the latin1 device.
- Font description file for font F of the latin1 device.
- Device description file for the utf8 device.
- Font description file for font F of the utf8 device.
- Device description file for the cp1047 device.
- Font description file for font F of the cp1047 device.
- Macros for use with grotty.
- Additional character definitions for use with grotty.
Note that on EBCDIC hosts, only files for the cp1047 device
grotty is intended only for simple documents.
There is no support for fractional horizontal or vertical
There is no support for \D commands other than horizontal
and vertical lines.
Characters above the first line (i.e. with a vertical position
of 0) cannot be printed.
Color handling differs from grops(1). \M doesn't set
the fill color for closed graphic objects (which grotty doesn't
support anyway) but changes the background color of the character cell,
affecting all subsequent operations.